W e b dubois accommodating racism
I know that Du Bois felt that Washington was compromising the future of African Americans by agreeing to not push for higher education for young black men, civic equality and the right to vote. Washington did not describe his approach to race relations as "accommodation," a word which he did not use in his "Atlanta Compromise" speech in 1895.It is important and right that all privileges of the law be ours, but it is vastly more important that we be prepared for the exercise of these privileges.He also thought that education for young African Americans (mostly men) should be technical in nature, aimed at preparing them for jobs.This, in short, was what accommodation meant to Washington—creating a social space in which blacks could flourish economically while declining to pursue social equality.The question then comes: is it possible and probable, that nine millions of men can make effective progress in economic lines if they are deprived of political rights, made a servile caste, and allowed only the most meager chance for developing their exceptional men?If history and reason give any distinct answer to these questions, it is an emphatic No.
Washington thought that social equality would follow economic prosperity, and he urged white business leaders to consider hiring African Americans and to provide investment opportunities to black businessmen.He thought the best way to triumph over racism was to cultivate an educated class, a "talented tenth," as he called it, to fight it in the public.Essentially, he saw Washington's approach as what he called "the old attitude of adjustment and submission" that he associated with slavery."Accommodation" to Washington meant accepting a situation of segregation and of social separateness from white people. Instead of advocating vocational training, Du Bois advanced the idea that African Americans should pursue university educations and that the educated segment of the African American community, which he referred to as "the talented tenth," should lead the charge for political equality with whites. He advised African Americans to learn skilled trades to earn more money and improve their lives. Du Bois believed African-Americans deserved all their rights at the same time and should work to achieve gaining both economic rights and political rights. Washington had differing views on how African-Americans should pursue their rights.This would eventually lead to African Americans being fully being integrated and accepted as citizens. He urged African Americans to actively fight discrimination rather than to patiently submit to it. Du Bois had different views of how African-American should try to get their rights. Washington believed African-Americans should get their economic rights settled before pursuing their political rights. Du Bois believed African-Americans should get all of their rights at the same time.